In Kenya Human Practice Foundation works in Meru County, Laikiplia County, and Isiolo County. Kenya is known as one of the more developed Sub-Saharan African countries. However, the inequality in Kenya continues to pose a challenge with many families living below the poverty line, particularly when comparing the urban and rural areas. In the rural counties where Human Practice Foundation works in Kenya daily income per capita is less than half of Nairobi, with communities largely dependent on agriculture according to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (2017).

Reports from the UN World Population Prospects Data Booklet (2017) and World Bank (2016) reveal that in the rural areas of Kenya almost 40% of the population live in poverty. This has a huge negative impact on the educational sector. Communities with many struggling households often deprioritize education and involve children in household and agricultural labour at the expense of their education, resulting in low enrolment, attendance, and education levels. Only around 50% of the students make it to grade 4 achieving a minimum level of learning. In the poorest regions of Kenya only 28% of the youngest students obtain the expected numeracy and literacy skills of their age group.